digestive system terminology list

Match. Pancreas: This … Autotrophic Feeding: Way of feeding; food is made by the plants themselves. Function: Once considered to be solely a vestigial structure, the appendix is now known to function as part of the lymphatic system, as it contains a large amount of lymphoid aggregates that are part of the widely distributed gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). absorption passage of digested products from the intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the bloodstream or lacteals. Endoscopy: the process of inserting an endoscope for diagnostic or preventive purposes. These enzymes not only helps in digestion but due to excess or lack of these enzymes, one can face difficulties in digestions too. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(189659, '3e44b554-d078-4cb1-bbbd-abb41d9abb0d', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(189659, 'd81c2b40-64cb-4f78-a901-2d949123900d', {}); When you select "Subscribe" you will start receiving our email newsletter. The pharynx is a 12.5-cm conical musculomembranous tube. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. Rhythmic smooth muscle contraction pushes chyme through the small and large intestines. Any of this liquid that it does not absorb it eliminates as solid waste. Function: Peristaltic waves in the esophagus force the food mass (bolus) toward the stomach as part of the process of swallowing. Ampulla of Vater – The nexus of the common bile duct and pancreatic ducts immediately prior to entry into the duodenum. A. Cheil/o B. Gingiv/o C. Labi/o D. Both A and C 2. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. B. Gingiv/o. Picture of the digestive system. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. Memorial Hermann Foundation, a 501(c)(3) Charitable Organization. READ PAPER. Function: As a region of the colon and part of the large intestine, it is responsible for water absorption and the transformation of intestinal materials into feces. The glands of the digestive system consist of the tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. Function: When the sphincter of Oddi is closed, bile flows up the common bile duct and through the cystic duct for storage in the gall bladder. Alimentary canal – It is the part of the digestive system formed by the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. Here are some digestive system terms for kids. This handout does not represent a complete or total list of terms. Glossary: The Digestive System. Function: Food is masticated in the oral cavity by the action of the teeth and tongue and mixed with salivary gland secretions, which contain enzymes that begin to break down carbohydrates. See it in 3D! The small intestine is an approximately 7-m-long convoluted portion of the alimentary canal within the abdominal cavity. The esophagus is an approximately 23-to-25-cm-long hollow muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach; it is the narrowest part of the alimentary canal. Function: The large intestine receives food and some water, vitamins, and minerals from the small intestine. Test. Solid waste is temporarily stored in the rectum before being passed through its tapered end, the anal canal. This paper. Name: Asheley Poe Date: 01/02/2020 Digestive System Terminology Student Workbook Instructions for Use: This Medical Terminology Handout is a tool for introducing you to the unique language of medical terminology. Function: When the peristaltic wave passing through the esophagus reaches the gastroesophageal opening, the cardiac sphincter opens, allowing the bolus to pass into the stomach. The gall bladder is a conical or pear-shaped musculomembranous sac 7 to 10 cm in length that serves as a reservoir for bile secreted by the liver. The cardiac or gastroesophageal sphincter regulates the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach. accessory digestive organ includes teeth, tongue, salivary glands, gallbladder, liver, and pancreas. Pathologies: GERD, heartburn, hiatal hernia. Bile ducts: a network that transports digestive fluids from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine, Biopsy: the cellular study of tissue removed from a living body. The digestive system(figure 24.1) consists of the digestive tract, a tube extending from the mouth to the anus, and its associ- ated accessory organs,primarily glands, which secrete fluids into the digestive tract. Function: The body expels waste products from digestion through the rectum and anus. The surface of the small intestine is composed of villi, small fingerlike projections that extend into the lumen and increase the intestinal wall’s surface area, allowing for increased nutrient absorption. Pathologies: Adhesions, appendicitis, Clostridium difficile infections, colonic polyps, diarrhea, diverticulosis and diverticulitis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis. Anus. Spell the medical terms of the digestive system and use correct abbreviations; Identify the medical specialties associated with the digestive system; Explore common diseases, disorders, and procedures related to the digestive system; Digestive System Word Parts. The digestive tract is also called the alimentary tract, or alimentary canal. Barrett's esophagus: a pre-cancerous condition of the esophagus caused by chronic acid reflux. Write. PLAY. The stomach is the most dilated part of the alimentary canal; situated between the esophagus and the beginning of the small intestine, it is a principal organ of the digestive system. About Us; News and Media; One Million Trees Project; Creating Teach Starter; Testimonials & Review; Careers; More. Plans & Pricing; Gift Cards; Download Free App ; Curriculums; Ways to Connect. The epiglottis is one of the nine cartilages that joint to form the laryngeal skeleton (also known as the larynx or voice box), which is attached to structures of the axial skeleton. The pharynx is divided into three segments: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. The cecum is a large pouch that is the beginning of the large intestine, the portion of the alimentary canal responsible for final absorption of nutrients and the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste. Please call Us at ( 713 ) 222-2273 an endoscope for diagnostic or purposes. Terminology pertaining to some of the rectum before being passed through its tapered end, the sensory receptors taste. Includes teeth, tongue, salivary glands and mucous glands of the body complete list of current. The stomach into the stomach, small intestine, is a vertical segment of the skull in length 2... 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